to dIscuss the industry’s “new energy vehicle power battery recycling service network construction and operation guidelines” many times (hereinafter referred to as “Guidelines”) began to solicit opinions. ThIs Is the last year introduced the “new energy Automobile power battery recycling Interim Measures” (hereinafter referred to as the “Interim Measures”) and then a key policy, Will lead battery recycling management further concrete, to promote U.S.’s new energy Automobile power battery specification management, and promoting development of the industry.
Fluoride Chemicals Co., Ltd., general manager of bit talking said: “” Guide “to bring the industry to develop a positive and positive impact, strongly supports the” Guidelines “promulgated.”
“Guide” provides a lot of specific requirements, and promoting the healthy development of U.S. Automotive industry, but some experts believe that some provIsions are too harsh, Is questionable.
battery recycling more difficult
At present, U.S.’s new energy vehicle production and sales have more than 2.1 million, has become the world’s largest new energy vehicle power battery producing and consuming countries, as of the end of last year, battery power installed capacity has exceeded 150GWh. New energy vehicle demonstration for more than 10 years, and gradually ushered in the peak power battery recycling. There are agencies predicted that U.S. scrapped the amount of battery power began in 2019 Will show double growth.
new energy Automobile production and sales continue to grow, it also brings the problem of battery recycling, which Is a problem. U.S.’s Automobile industry has had the painful lessons of lead-acid battery recycling. StatIstics show that U.S.’s annual production of 3.3 million tons of waste lead-acid batteries, the proportion of regular recovered less than 30%. A large number of used lead-acid batteries into the black market. Power management system Is imperfect battery recycling Is an important reason.
In order to reverse the unfavorable situation, to avoid re-take the old lead-acid batteries that last year U.S. introduced a battery recycling “Interim Measures.” According to the “Interim Measures” requirements, identified the first batch of “new energy Automobile power battery waste comprehensive utilization of industry standard conditions” lIst of enterprIses. 5 companies are Quzhou Hurray, Hao Peng Technology, Grammy, Bump circulation and Guanghua Science and Technology.
Bao Wei, general manager of Zhejiang Hurray cycle Technology Co., Ltd. said: “Some companies and institutional investors mIstakenly think that thIs Is a sea of blue, have rushed into the field of power battery recycling. battery recycling policy Is not clear, nor standard specifications, caused some confusion in the market. “data shows that in 2019 Is expected to waste battery recycling market size of over 50 billion yuan in 2020 to 2023, the market size Will grow further to 13.6 billion yuan 1 to 311 million.
standard requires relatively stringent
U.S. Automotive battery recycling, whether it Is blue ocean or the Red Sea, after the first five companies, there Will be more companies join. In order to promote the development of battery recycling industry, bigger and stronger and recycling market, U.S.’s timely introduction of the “Guide.” Although only a draft, but it can be seen that the requirements are not low.
In the network layout, the “Guidelines” requirements, new energy Automobile manufacturing companies should be establIshed within the company new energy vehicle sales adminIstrative region (at least ground level) collection type recovery service outlets, in the new energy Car ownership in thIs company to achieve 8000 or collection type recovery service network storage, security and other capabilities can not meet the adminIstrative area (at least ground level) within waste power battery recycling required to establIsh centralized storage type recycling service outlets.
In the network of venues, “Guide” requirement, the collection reservoir site area network service type recovery should be not less than 15 square meters of waste storage capacity battery power It should be no more than 5 tons; reservoir type centralized service network recovery reservoir area of not less than 100 square meters of waste storage capacity battery power should not exceed 40 tons.
in terms of daily operations, “Guidelines” requirements, new energy Automobile production and utilization echelon enterprIses should rely on recycling services network, strengthen tracking of waste battery power in the region. Recycling service network responsible for the collection, classification, storage and packaging waste battery power, the power Will be allowed to collect waste batteries dIsmantling process outside the security check. Waste batteries should regulate the transfer of power to the comprehensive utilization of enterprIse echelon use or recycling.
higher in terms of safety requirements “Guide”. Waste storage battery power should be independent, should not, must not waste its side with other goods mixed, upside down, shall not be stacked directly. Class A waste battery power should be cleaned, etc., Class B, and Class C waste battery power should be insulated special treatment, leak-proof, fire-retardant, heat insulation and the like. Waste battery power after the treatment should be placed upright on a shelf, and that the battery should be set aside fire radiation range.
efforts to standardize their management from the source recovery Is conducive to U.S.’s new energy vehicle power battery echelon utilization and scrap.
have different views on some provIsions
the exIstence of lead-acid batteries of heavy metal pollution. New energy Automobile power battery recycling Is not standardized, can also cause pollution to the environment, but pollution Is not the same lead-acid batteries. Chengdu promote new energy vehicles industry applications Association legal representative and secretary-general, vice president of New Energy Automotive Technology Co., Ltd. Chengdu Ya-Chun Fan Yongjun believes that the U.S. Automotive battery and lead-acid batteries the same treatment, In fact too hard.
“In the new energy vehicles batteries, nickel-cadmium battery contamination Is relatively large. At present, nickel-cadmium batteries have been banned production substantially. Lithium and nickel-metal hydride batteries are relatively environmentally friendly the green battery. even if the electrolyte has leaked, do not cause any pollution to the environment. “Fan Yongjun said.
Is the maximum combustion power battery safety hazard. DIsmantling down the battery even if allowed to stand, it may be spontaneous combustion, in order to prevent such accidents, “Guide” put forward specific requirements. Fan Yongjun believes battery identification traceability management echelon mainly to take advantage of. A predetermined class each “Guide”, the processing requirements of Class B, C class battery. If no appropriate recycling network testing equipment, Is difficult to determine which type battery, Further, it Is determined which type of battery technology personnel requirements for recycling outlets relatively high recovery network staff generally do not have thIs capability, it Is difficult in practice to do, but also requires a lot of equipment, high cost. “ThIs classification should work to be performed by the integrated treatment organization.” Fan Yongjun said.
In specific terms, Fan Yongjun also proposed amendments. “Since the recovery service network can not engage inIn addition to the work of dIsmantling the security check, there Is no need to collect the waste predetermined job process schematic. “Fan Yongjun think.
the country has FAW, Dongfeng, BYD and other 11 enterprIses signed with the United States Tower power battery recycling system construction letter of intent. Our relevant policies and regulations Automobile companies are mainly responsible for battery recycling. in order to complete the mIssion, Automobile companies active in dIstribution.
industry experts believe that “guidelines” timely comments Will be conducive to the healthy development of U.S.’s U.S. Automotive industry
text: Wan Hitomi editor: Huang Xia Format: Liu Ye