Automotive interior not only stylIsh, but also to health!

With the enhancement of people’s health awareness, Automotive interior textile materials with antibacterial health Care function more and more people of all ages. Automotive interior during textile material antimicrobial, antibacterial agent plays a decIsive role. Therefore essential to select the appropriate antimicrobial agent. Herein by reference to the relevant literature, for Automotive interior textile material with an antibacterial agent were summarized to provide reference for workers. With the continuous improvement of living standards of the people, the Car gradually into people’s lives, contact between the people and the Cars more and more. Human skin Carry a lot of bacteria that can be attached to people by skin contact and breathing of textiles to the Car, the Car warm and enclosed space just to promote their growth and large population, thus further damage the health of the occupant . In thIs vicious cycle of Automotive interior textile materials undoubtedly played a role of the media, the traditional approach to the Car interior by spraying fungicides textile materials not only can not completely kill the bacteria, but would cause great harm to the human body, and exposure washed often no significant effect. For these reasons, domestic and foreign workers on antimicrobial Automotive interior textile materials have been extensively studied and made a lot of achievements. In thIs paper special Automobile interiors as antimicrobial textile materials as the research object to the use of antimicrobial agents, relevant research results were summarized to provide reference for relevant workers.

Inorganic antibacterial agent 1 Inorganic antibacterial agents are generally inorganic substances such as metal ions, or with an inorganic Carrier complex. Production technology Is relatively simple class of antibacterial agents, many domestic and foreign manufacturers, but their quality Is variable. It can be divided into inorganic antibacterial agent and a metal ion type photocatalytic two categories [1] . 1.1 metals and salts: Inorganic antimicrobial agents and Carriers are generally made of two-part antimicrobial composition, wherein the support functions to ensure a stable active ingredient and sustained release effects [2] . Antibacterial ingredient Is generally some heavy metal ions or compounds thereof, which may occur to the cell binding protein in bacteria, the bacteria cause denaturation or inactivation [3, 4] . Due to the heavy metal have certain side effects, based on security Issues, currently used for the Ag.

1.2 Photocatalytic: publicized domestic photocatalytic antibacterial agent Is a compound semiconductor, a semiconductor light but can really play a self-cleaning, sterilizing and deodorizing functions The catalyst Is not a lot. Related studies have confirmed that titanium dioxide photocatalytic antibacterial semiconductor anatase structure has a good effect [1] . photocatalytic antibacterial agents having not only antibacterial and antifungal action and speed with fast dIsinfection, sterilization capability, long duration, no secondary pollution and excellent stability characterIstics, it was widely popular. But only if it Is the role of light in the presence of thIs condition greatly limits its use. nano-silver nano zinc oxide and the inorganic antibacterial agent Is more active in thIs Application green antibacterial agent. Compared with ordinary zinc oxide scale, when the amount of zinc oxide nano-size to its performance Will change significantly, showing good and many special properties, such as non-toxic and non-migratory properties and the like. Because of the quantum size effect, and the effect of the ion tunnel effects significantly increases the specific surface area, which has advantages with less antibacterial effect, these properties have positive implications for the development and production of the textile decorative material in the green Car.

The organic antimicrobial agent 2 2.1 quaternary ammonium salts: quaternary ammonium antimicrobial agents generally refers to fat aromatic quaternary ammonium salt or a trialkyl ammonium chloride polyalkoxy. Ammonium salts cationic compound generally has good bactericidal effect, especially quaternary ammonium salts containing 12 to 18 Carbon atoms, a strong bactericidal ability, are often used as a dIsinfectant and as fibers. Quaternary ammonium compounds are more commonly used at home and abroad antibacterial agent, but due to its poor binding force of the fibers, which Is generally used in combination with the reactive resin, thereby improving its durability. The silicone quaternary ammonium salts 2.2: series silicone quaternary ammonium antimicrobial agents are a novel class of cationic surfactants, its excellent performance and simple synthesIs has a good market prospect

guanidine 2.3 (PHMB): guanidine dIsinfectant in medicine has been widely applied. They are in the waterSolubility of small and strong adsorption capacity fiber variety, as Will be particularly beneficial fiber antibacterial agent. Of PHMB (polyhexamethylene biguanide) Gram-negative bacteria, gram-positive bacteria and yeast fungi have broad spectrum antibacterial activity. The positive charge of PHMB may produce a strong bond with the cellulose by acid-base neutralization reaction. PHMB applied successfully blended fabric of cotton, wool and cotton / wool. Trimethoxy silylpropyl introduction can be prepared in PHGS PHMB hydrochloride. After the cotton fabric treated with 1% PHGS, can kill 100% of the bacteria, and washable. Further, since the PHMB having excellent thermal stability, it Is added to the melt spinning of synthetic fibers in turn can be made of liquid antimicrobial.

2.4 halide amine compound: halo amine compound antibacterial agent as a new antimicrobial agent, which means a bond NX (X compound may be Cl or Br), it can, through the oxidant compound amido or imido group to give the effect such as hypophosphorous acid halide containing amine. Compounds of thIs type are N-X bond occurs under the effect of the slow decomposition of water molecules, the oxidation with a halogen positive ions are released. Due to the instability of N-Br bond, which Is easily decomposed, and therefore the actual use generally chloramine compounds. Since chloride ions has a strong positive oxidation, it may be significant kill bacteria and other microorganIsms. After killing the bacteria, and then the compound hypochlorite solution after rinsing, the N-H bond which in turn Is oxidized to N-Cl bond, and further having a re-sterilization function.

3 natural antibacterial agent As people’s environmental awareness and the desire for “green” textiles, natural antibacterial agent increasing cause for concern. Natural antibacterial agent extracted from the animals mainly of chitin, chitosan and insect eggs by the antimicrobial substance and the like, extracted from plants mainly juniper Ai pole, aloe, minerals extracted from the well antibacterial agents [6] . 4. DIscussion in material life becomes more abundant today, the health Issue has become the focus of widespread concern. Research beneficial to human health products, it has become the trend of development of the world, withThere Is significant, Automotive interiors industry, too, interior textile materials with antibacterial health functions are more and more consumers and vendors of all ages. In the Automotive interior textile materials antimicrobial process, the antimicrobial agent Is a key factor in determining its effect, choosing appropriate antimicrobial agents Is essential.