ten must understand vehicle maintenance and project cycle, 20 year experience
A lot of people do not know how vehicle maintenance, do not know the maintenance cycle, resulting in spent a lot of time and money, but also damage the beloved Car. Now I cycle Is divided into small parts and maintenance and major maintenance needs change, be a simple explanation.
a small maintenance (about ten thousand kilometers) needs to be replaced: oil and three filters (oil filter, air conditioning filters, air filters).
, also known as lubricating oil, engine known as the “blood” that can lubricate the engine, cooling, shock absorption cushioning, reduce the role of wear. Generally divided into:
fully synthetic motor oil: generally about 10000-12000 km replace, if not often open, then emulsified oil Will lose around, about a year need to be replaced.
semi-synthetic oil: about 8000 to 10,000 km replaced.
Mineral Oil: 5000 kilometers needs to be replaced. Now oil prices are relatively cheap, it does not recommend the use of thIs oil.
for which type of oil Is a good choice? According to the instructions recommend buying on the line, where four seasons of the amount of use the most Is the 5W30 oil, and operated stores in Jingdong Lynx compare cheap affordable. There Is generally recommended for Mercedes-Benz BMW Audi Castrol brand.
2. Three filter
oil filter: play the role of filter oil, cycle oil, like every random to replace oil together.
Air filter: the engine intake to ensure cleanClean, usually about 2 years or 20,000 km a change, each with an air gun to blow into a small maintenance
air filter: play the role of indoor air conditioning filter incoming air to prevent odor and dust. Is generally about 2 years or 20,000 km a change, the air Is not good place to change a little ground.
a large maintenance (about 40,000 kilometers) cycle Is not necessarily replace all based on, probably needs to be replaced They are: antifreeze, spark plugs, transmIssion oil, brake fluid, power steering oil
3 antifreeze liquid
antifreeze packaging symbol: a max (max) and min (minimum)
also called cooling fluid, anti-freeze main role Is winter, summer, anti-boil, anti-scale and corrosion. Above the coolant generally have an expiration date purchased, mostly around 4 years 60,000 km. Why antifreeze green, red, blue’s? The main dIstinction Is the additive effect of a different functions. Generally green glycol, propylene glycol little orange red, blue glycerol. Now mix of antifreeze are good blending can be used directly. Note that, best not to mix different colors added.
4. The brake fluid
due to the nature of the brake oil, water. Therefore, after use for a long time, water separation, different boiling points, its performance degrades, affect the braking effect. It recommended that every major maintenance (about 40,000 kilometers) to replace the brake fluid.
5. The steering oil
transfer functions of the power steering system and a buffer force, so that the steering wheel lightweight light. Prevent dirty and bad, suggestions, like brake fluid, major maintenance (40,000 kilometers) replacement.
6. The fuel filter
7. The spark plug
spark plug ignition of the explosive mixture ignited in the cylinder, in the intake, compression, ignition and exhaust third position, a very important role.
Once the malfunction, the engine Will be more cost oil, operating irregularities shake, even, mIssing cylinder, beat the fire.
Usually several cylinder spark plug Is few. The material Is divided into different replacement time
Iridium spark plug: about 80,000-100,000 km replace the
platinum spark plugs: 50,000-60,000 km replace the
Nickel spark plug: 20,000-30,000 km replace the
8. gearbox oil
now some say that Car gearbox oil maintenance-free, it Is not. After changing the oil Will be less trouble to use more smoothly.
In order to prevent the transmIssion jitter, abnormal sound, a skip shift, these failure problems, in a particular period need to be replaced.
Automatic transmIssion fluid: about 80,000 km
manual transmIssion oil: about 120,000 km
9. Brake Pad
relating to safety the critical components, generally large maintenance (about 40,000 kilometers) replacement. Gentle driving style, probably to replace about 60,000 to 80,000 km. If you frequently use the road as usual poor road conditions mountain running, stop and go and so, if you feel braking dIstances detail edge length, no previous easy to use, should be early replacement. More security in terms of a second or third time to change brake pads Will replace the brake dIsc.
mainly depends wear, abrasion identified below where from about 1.5 to 2 mm, should timely replacement. If not Sunday, it should be around 5 years to replace, because the rubber aging, Will affect its performance, the worst case, can cause a flat tire accident.
normal driving, generally use about four years. Try not to turn off after amplification using battery power of music and your headlights. If you do not feel ignition power, the battery needs to be replaced, and beat the fire so as not to affect travel.
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